Reposting of Theater Plus blog No. 168. This was a glorious day among a few glorious weeks. A huge city pushed back against Vladimir Putin’s crowning of himself as Emperor. There were lots of protests, and cultural figures led the way. This week was the so-called Writers’ Walk. It was followed by the Artists’ Walk (see my next post, probably tomorrow). These were fun and whimsical and thoroughly heartening. I suppose we all knew it might be in vain and that the iron lid would come down, but none of us expected that to happen quite so soon as it did. Still, at this moment, on the day of the Writers’ Walk, it felt like spring not only in the warming Moscow air, but in our minds as well. As I said, it was a beautiful, glorious day. I offer a few of my photos below with captions.
14 May 2012
By John Freedman
Officially it was called a “Test Walk With Poets and Writers.” Although I already have to back down from that. As novelist Boris Akunin stated on Dozhd television Sunday night, nothing in this May 13 march from Pushkin Square to Chistiye Prudy was organized. “It happened on its own,” he said.
I can’t state the name of the person who made the following comment on Facebook because it washed by me in a sea of comments I have been following for the last 20 hours. But the comment stuck in my mind: “So! Russians do read more than anyone else after all!”
That used to be the mantra in the Soviet era. It was not only an officially supported idea (yes, they used that as propaganda, too), it was true. It wasn’t so much that Russians read more (although they may have done that, too), but it was that they read the real thing. Literature. You really did ride the metro or walk around city parks and see people reading Dostoevsky, Nekrasov, Gogol, Tolstoy, Chekhov, Saltykov-Shchedrin and dozens, maybe hundreds, more writers. Pushkin. Horrors. Did I forget Pushkin? We’ll get to him.
The prevailing opinion is that this is no longer true. You’re more likely to see someone reading a glossy magazine or a bodice ripper on the metro today. Although with the advent of Kindles it’s not always easy to know exactly what someone is reading.
But let’s leave that aside. My point here is what writers wrought Sunday in Moscow. It was an astonishing turnaround in a wild and often dangerous week.
Please note: Poets and playwrights and novelists did this. After watching Moscow authorities beat on people, kick them when they were down, chase them up and down the city’s beautiful boulevards and arrest them with no rhyme or reason — after a week of this, thousands of readers turned out at the invitation of writers to participate in a peaceful, friendly and festive march. It began at the foot of a statue honoring poet Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin on Pushkin Square and concluded, more or less, at the foot of a monument honoring playwright Alexander Sergeyevich Griboyedov on Chistoprudny Bulvar.
It actually ended just down the boulevard from Griboyedov under the wise gaze of a statue of Kazakh poet Abai Kunanbayev, where the protest action “Occupy Abai” is now in its fifth day. But that’s a detail. The point is this: Look how Muscovites responded to a call from its writers to show their faith in, and desire for, peace and common sense.
I have seen a reputable estimate of the numbers that turned out for the action which began at noon on Sunday. Based on factors including territory and body density, RIA-Novosti estimated the number at 17,600 people. But as impressive as the numbers were, the beauty of this march was its joy, its lightness and goodwill. This is what prompted Akunin to say during his talk on the Parfyonov and Pozner show on Dozhd television that, “Society has become more adult than the authorities. As I watched people I kept thinking of the notion of ‘adult.'”
That phrase, of course, is prompted by a comparison of images and events that overwhelmed us throughout the last week, beginning May 6 when a huge peaceful demonstration was met by riot police with beatings and arrests, moving on through Vladimir Putin‘s inauguration on May 7 when dozens more were arrested in order to keep the streets empty as the new president rode through town, and concluding in following days with more arrests and harassment of people who continued to protest.
Akunin, using the lovely neologism of “skachkoobrazno,” describes the situation of the last week as “developing in fits and starts.” His point, and he makes it clearly, is that the general populace in Moscow is one or two steps ahead of the authorities. The authorities keep doing the same old stuff — seeking to repress any signs of dissent — while the people keep changing their tactics.
This is what was so important on Sunday. For the first time this week the authorities changed their tactics. To the utter amazement of everyone — protesters and authorities alike — an enormous crowd of readers came out to join writers and peacefully say, “Enough!” They did it without making a single demand, without chanting a single slogan. They did it merely by showing up and taking a walk on one of Moscow’s most attractive streets.
The authorities clearly put two and two together and smartly decided to keep their numbers to a bare minimum. There was not a storm trooper in evidence on Sunday. Just a few stray policemen doing their job quietly, keeping an eye on things to make sure all were safe.
The police closed down traffic for hours on the boulevard despite the fact that no one had requested permission for such unusual measures. More to the point, the people closed down the streets with their presence and the police, rather than take aggressive or punitive action, stepped back and let it all happen peacefully. That, folks, was the prestige and, yes, the authority of Russia’s writers having its effect.
On my own personal walk, I ran into at least two dozen writers, actors and musicians, some of whom I know and some of whom I know only by name. Rock musician Andrei Makarevich was there. The artist Bilzho was there. The journalist and photographer Yury Rost was there. Curiously, I did not see many people who have made their mark primarily in cinema, but Moscow theater artists were out in large numbers. Playwrights were well represented by Maksym Kurochkin, Viktor Korkiya, Nina Belenitskaya, actor/playwright Sergei Yursky and others.
Kurochkin and I chatted about the incredible transformation in styles of demonstration that has taken place over the last week. “What I like most of all,” Maksym said, “is the way the genre keeps changing. This has the feel of something real and substantive.”
The week began May 6 with a traditional, officially organized protest march. By the morning of May 8 it had morphed into spontaneous sit-ins at various squares in the city followed by riot police chasing protesters away and arresting whomever they could catch. By May 9 it had turned into a standoff between the authorities and the protesters who were now gathering strictly around the statue to Abai Kunanbayev on the boulevard at Chistiye Prudy. This was the birth of what has now been dubbed Occupy Abai.
From May 9 on there was much talk in the press, and many declarations bordering on threats from the authorities, that Occupy Abai would not be tolerated. Notably, Putin’s press secretary Dmitry Peskov told Afisha magazine on May 11 that the sit-in was intolerable and would be broken up. This game of cat and dog between the protesters and the authorities continued into the night of May 12 when Vladimir Platonov, the head of the Moscow City Duma, essentially warned Akunin that the May 13 march might turn out badly.
The declarations of Peskov, Platonov and others frightened no one. Moscow readers came out on Sunday to share a stroll and some great weather with their writers and say, by doing so, that the status quo simply is not tolerable. Russian literature — in both its writers and its readers — once again showed that it still has plenty of clout.
For those interested, I posted a gallery of 90 photos of the writers’ walk on my Facebook page.